Types of laxatives
TREATMENT WITH NATURAL LAXATIVES
What are natural home laxatives?
Natural laxatives are natural remedies, with plants, food supplements or foods, which are intended to facilitate the movement of bowels
It is important to distinguish between natural laxatives and natural purgatives.
Both are used as home remedies, with the difference that the latter have a more drastic action and have certain contraindications.The types of laxatives that can be used for natural treatment of constipation are described bellow
TYPES OF NATURAL LAXATIVES
According to the modus operandi, we classify natural laxative remedies:
Also called cathartic, purgative laxatives, natural purgatives.
They are those that act by stimulating the muscles of the intestine. They have a component, called anthraquinone, acting on nerve endings in the gut, which causes a bigger movement of bowel movements (peristalsis), promoting defecation.
Moreover, it is believed that this type of laxatives also act on the cells lining the small intestine, increasing the production of fluids and minerals (especially potassium), and decreasing absorption of certain minerals (sodium and chlorine) and intestinal fluid in the large intestine.
By increasing the volume of liquid, the pressure on the intestinal wall causes a need to expel the stool.
Among the main stimulant laxatives, there are the following:
- Cascara (Rhamnus purshiana)
- Buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula)
- Senna (Cassia angustifolia, Cassia senna)
- Rhubarb (Rheum spp.)
- Aloes (. Aloe spp) including Aloe vera.
Negative effects of stimulant laxatives
Stimulant laxatives have a very strong effect, which manifests about 6 to 8 hours after they are ingested. They produce abundant malodorous and watery stools. It is recommended to take them before going to bed, so that their effects occur in the early hours of the next morning.
The greatest danger that exists with this type of tea is that used frequently, the bowel may lose tone and cause intestinal dependency, ie the intestine loses its natural motility of these herbs need to evacuate.
Mechanical laxatives are those laxatives rich in fiber. These food supplements or food, work by increasing the volume of stool, because they retain water. They hydrate and press the intestinal walls, naturally stimulating peristalsis which favors the expulsion of feces.
Their action is much lighter than stimulant laxatives. Feces produced are normal or slightly softer and not malodorous. They are recommended against stimulant laxatives, especially because they do not create dependency or have such adverse effects.
This type of laxatives are best suited for people with chronic constipation because they help normalize the functioning of their digestive tract, although the effects are not as immediate as those of stimulant laxatives..
It is recommended to accompany these remedies with probiotic food, such as yogurt, miso soup, etc. For example, you can add a teaspoon of chia or flaxseed on yogurt.
What are the mechanical laxatives?
Among the major mechanical laxatives include the following:
- Psyllium seeds (Plantago psyllium)
- Ground flaxseed or linseed (Linum usitatissimum)
- Chia seeds (Salvia hispanica)
- Carrageenan (Chondrus crispus)
- Agar agar
- Linseed meal (Linum usitatissium)
- Oat bran (Avena sativa)
- Wheat bran (Triticum sativum)
How to use mechanical laxatives
Like stimulant laxatives, they require the ingestion of large amounts of water to favor their action and to prevent body dehydration or intestinal obstructions.
They lack the negative effects of stimulant laxatives, except a possible stomachache and flatulence during the first days of ingestion. Side- effects usually disappear after a few days of treatment.
Not to be used in cases of intestinal inflammation, vomiting, acute intestinal pain undiagnosed, intestinal obstruction, inflammation of the urinary bladder, uterus inflammation, appendicitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis and other intestinal disorders.
They are those rich in osmotic agents (such as lactulose, magnesium salts or phosphates).
Osmotic laxatives act by means of increasing the volume of water in the intestine and softening the stool. Its action is similar to mechanical laxatives, and require the same considerations as these.
They are mineral-based laxatives, which cause a large difference in concentration of minerals in the intestine, which forces the body to release water to attain balance.
Among the natural osmotic laxatives are foods rich in magnesium or phosphates such as prunes (Prunus domestica).
Osmotic laxatives can be bought in pharmacies in the form of phosphates (sodium phosphate), magnesium hydroxide, lactulose and lactitol, or Epsom salts. Its effect is strong and require abundant intake of water or sports drinks to recover lost water and electrolytes.
More information on laxatives and constipation in the listing above.
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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.