Characteristics of bearberry

What is a bearberry plant?

Bearberry characteristics (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)

Common noun: Bearberry, kinnikinnick, wildcranberry, mealberry, hog cranberry, red bearberry

A drawing of this plant

– Spanish: Gayuba, uva de oso.

Scientific noun: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng.

– Synonyms: Arctostaphylos adenotricha (Fernald & J.F. Macbr.) A. Löve & D. Löve & Kapoor = Arbutus uva-ursi L.

Family: Heather family – Ericaceae

Habitat: In sparse woods and mountain heaths.

Description of bearberry

Perennial bush of the heather family – Ericaceae -, till 2m long.

Woody, brownish stems, creeping with many sprouts prolonging along the ground; younger ones erect.

Ovate leaves, till 2 cm long, bright green above, darker below, coriaceous, wider at the apex.

Flowers till 6 mm, in hanging racemes at the end of short red stalks; white rosy.

The fruit is a drupe, red in maturity, about 8 mm wide.

Components of bearberry

  • Glycosides: arbutin, metilarbutin, ericolin, ericinol
  • Flavonoids
  • Acids: malic, gallic, ursolic
  • Quercitine
  • Tannins

punto rojo More information on bearberry

This article was endorsed by Julián Masats - Technical agricultural engineer specialized in horticulture and gardening.
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

18 October, 2021

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