Lemon tree characteristics

What is a lemon tree?

Characteristics of lemon tree ( Citrus X limon)

Common noun: Lemon tree

Scientific noun: Citrus X limon (L.) Burm., Citrus limonum Risso.

Family: Citrus family- Rutaceae

botanical illustrationHabitat: Cultivated because of its fruits and as a garden tree in warm Mediterranean places next to the sea. It probably descends from the species ” Citrus medica L. “, native from India.

Characteristics of lemon tree

Perennial tree of the Citrus family – rutaceae- up to 3 m.

Toothed, elliptical or lanceolate leaves, pointed.

Flowers white inside, rosy at the margin of the petals.

The fruit is a hesperidium till 12,5 cm. wide, with a thick rind, dark yellow when fully ripe.

Composition: Active components of lemon tree

The main components are:

  • Flavonoids: hesperidoside, limocitrin in the pericarp of the Spanish lemons.
  • Acids: Ascorbic (vitamin C), citric; caffeic (fruit)
  • Essential oil: rich in isopulegol, alpha-bergamotene, alpha- pinene, alpha- terpinene, alpha- thujene, beta- bisolobene, beta- bergamotene, beta- phelandrene, citral, limonene and sabinene, (in the fruit, specially in lemons from California)
  • Caffeine (leaves, flowers)
  • Pectin
  • Minerals: potassium and calcium.

*See: Lemon nutritional composition

punto rojo More information on lemon

This article was endorsed by Julián Masats - Technical agricultural engineer specialized in horticulture and gardening.
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

7 October, 2022

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