Chamomile characteristics

What is a chamomile plant?

Characteristics of chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla)

Common name: Chamomile

Scientific name: Matricaria chamomilla L.

Family: Daisy family – Asteraceae/ Compositae

Habitat: In cultivated soils, sandy and uncultivated lands.

Dibujo de manzanilla

Botanical illustration of chamomile by ©Dibujosparapintar

Description of chamomile

Annual scented herb of the daisy family – compositae – till 60 cm tall.

Erect glabrous stems.

Divided leaves, toothed- lobed.

Head flowers till 2,5 cm wide; White ligules, hanging as they grow up. Yellow florets, pentalobulated in a conical receptacle.


Picking-up and storing chamomile

The flowers should be harvested from spring to the first third of summer. They will have to be dried in the shade and to be stored in a closed and dark place, only during a year at the most.

Composition of chamomile

  • Fructose, galactose (ground), glucose (flower)
  • Mucilage
  • Fatty acids: linoleic, palmitic, oleic.
  • Vitamin C, beta carotene, choline
  • Salicylic, caffeic, gentisic and pectic acid.
  • Essential oil (0.2 to 2%): Azulene, alpha-bisabolol (50%), chamazulene (1-15%), farnesene, cadinene, furfural, matricarina, matricine, sesquiterpenes.
  • Antemic acid (it is a bitter principle that can be emetic), farnesol, geraniol, borneol (plant), luteolin, apigenin, quercetin (yellow pigments), rutin, Coumarins (umbelliferone)

punto rojo More information on chamomile

This article was endorsed by Julián Masats - Technical agricultural engineer specialized in horticulture and gardening.
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

14 July, 2023

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