Vitis vinifera (Vine, grape vine)

Vine, grape vine




Photos of Vitis vinifera

Vitis vinifera – (Vine, grape vine)

Vine or common grape vine (Vitis vinifera) is a plant native to Asia Minor and the Caucasus, naturalized in the Mediterranean region and North Africa.

– The Vitis genus comprises about 65 species of deciduous shrubs or vines, creeping or trailing, from Vitaceae family.

– The trunk or stump of the vine is cylindrical, with long branches (vine shoots) sprouting from it

– The branches have nodes with buds where leaves and new fruits sprout each year.

– As a vine gets older, branches will become lignified, acquiring a brownish tone with a crust that melts into strips. In some species, they can reach 30m. long.

– It generally has deep roots, but this may vary according to species.

– It has alternate leaves, toothed, palmately, most of them heart-shaped, divided into 3-7 lobes. In autumn, before falling, the leaves turn a yellowish color.

– Tendrils can appear in place of the leaves. They allow the plant to climb, or crawl on the ground if not supported.

– The inflorescence is a raceme or cluster in which flowers are arranged. The clusters can be conical, cylindrical or ovoid. It blooms in spring and contains 5 petals. Flowers are inconspicuous and have a yellowish-green color.

– The fruits are berries that are available in the cluster, formed from flowers. Grains can be ellipsoidal, elongated, spherical or ovoid. Inside, they contain the plant seeds, known as pips.

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Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

22 April, 2019

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