Plant Magazine of Botanical-online September 2017

Natural remedies

Greater celandine properties

(Chelidonium majus)

GREATER CELANDINE BENEFITS

Greater celandine (Chelidonium majus) was a plant used in ancient times as a sedative remedy or pain reliever, for the eyes and to treat warts and corns.

Its importance is summarized in some verses of popular Spanish proverb: "la cirigüeña, de todos los males es dueña".(= "Greater celandine is owner of all pains ")

It belongs to the family of poppies, and, therefore, it can be considered a relative of oppium poppy, a toxic alkaloid-containing and narcotic plant, which is extracted from opium and morphine.

In general, plants in this family are characterized by its content in latex, found in the juice of the plant. This latex is a caustic substance, used to sear warts of soften calluses.

The sap or juice of celandine is characteristically yellow or orange, due to its content in alkaloids chelidonic acid and nicotinic acid. These components have abortifacient, narcotic, sedative, antiseptic, antispasmodic and purgative effects.

Celandine is a toxic plant, so its internal use should be carefully controlled.

External preparations with greater celandine

  • Warts: celandine is one of the best remedies for skin warts. It contains chelidonic acid and alkaloids, all of them effective against warts.

    Chelidonic acid is known as an effective anti-wart. Furthermore, celandine contains alkaloids with strong antiviral properties, capable of fighting the viruses that cause warts on the skin. These alkaloids also have antimitotic properties, capable of stopping the growth of cells (mitosis), preventing the development of warts.

    To prepare this type of remedy, the fresh plant is used. (Cut a piece of celandine, and rub the juice of the plant (orange) directly on the wart, protecting the surrounding skin with a bandage or vaseline. It must be applied 1 or 2 times a day for 9 consecutive days. You can also prepare a decoction of the plant and apply with cotton on the wart)

    * More information: Celandine remedy for warts.
    Chelidonium majus (greater celandine)
    Botanical illustration of greater celandine (Chelidonium majus)
  • Corns of the feet, similarly to the above, celandine prevents growth of corns since celandine latex burns the tissue to soften the area. This plant is a traditional remedy for corns.

    * More information: Celandine cream for corns.
  • Herpes: Chelidonine and berberine are both two alkaloids from this plant that possess anti-herpetic properties, so, they can help in the treatment of the herpes virus ( compresses have to be applied in this remedy, always when there are no blisters, irritation or injury)

  • For Eyes: Celandine decoctions for eye pads are one of the best remedies for tired eyes or presbyopia, ocular inflammation and conjunctivitis. Celandine is also effective against styes, which are inflammations of the glands of the eyelashes (A suitable decoction for the eyes with this plant is made with 15g. per liter of fresh leaves. Decoction for 2 minutes and apply with a pad or cotton).

  • Footbath celandine: A foot bath prepared with celandine is used to dilate the veins of the feet and promote blood flow, helping to cause the period. Apply a foot bath with 20g. of fresh plant.

  • Skin cancer: celandine baths have been used as an adjunct in the treatment of skin cancer.

    Celidonia
    Photo of greater celandine, with flowers and fruit

Internal preparations with greater celandine

It is not recommended to take celandine internally. Its use must be prescribed by a doctor.

Celandine is a highly toxic plant and can have unwanted side effects. If you choose any of the following remedies, you should not continue the treatment for more than 2 days. See your doctor if symptoms persist.

In some cases, internal remedies with celandine have caused acute hepatitis, which improved after stopping treatment. As a precaution, you should consult other natural remedies.

Celandine preparations in internal use that have been used are:

  • Analgesic: Celandine alkaloids are similar to those of opium, of the same botanical family. They share, therefore, some of their analgesic, antispasmodic and sedative properties used to relieve acute pain. It has been used as a remedy for cramps and abdominal cramps.

Celandine is also used to treat pain caused by renal colic, gout and arthritis In case of fever, celandine infusions are used for its diaphoretic properties that stimulate sweating (infusion of10-15g of fresh plant per liter of boiling water, let stand 10 minutes and strain. Take between 1-3 cups a day, away from meals. There is an ancient remedy, called "celandine wine", which consists on macerating 15g. fresh plant in a litter of water or white wine for 10 days. Filter and take 1 to 2 little cups per day as a narcotic, to help relieve pain and as a sleeping remedy).

  • Toothache and sore throat: chewed, the plant is used as a painkiller for toothache due to its content in sanguinarine and Chelidonine (alkaloids). Gargles are used against sore throats.

  • Gingivitis: gargles are used to treat gingivitis, because of its anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties.

  • Gallstones: Greater celandine has its application as a sedative and analgesic to relax smooth muscles and relieve pain caused by gallstones. Some celandine alkaloids are muscle relaxants, that's to say, they relax the smooth muscles of the biliary tract, relieving symptoms of colic pain (infusion of 5g. of fresh plant per liter of boiling water, let stand for 10 minutes and strain. Take up to 2 cups a day, away from meals).


CELANDINE IS NOT A PROPER MEDICINAL PLANT FOR LIVER

In ancient times, as it has been stated in some manuals, celandine was used to treat liver diseases such as jaundice. Parceloso was the first to use this plant for such purposes, due to the similarity between its yellow juice with bile.

However, current studies contradict these therapies and warn us about the celandine hepatotoxic alkaloids in long home internal treatments. Celandine has caused acute hepatitis to people who have made long treatments this plant.

- For these reasons, it is recommended not to use this plant if you have liver problems.

- See other plants for the liver.

  • For cough: The antispasmodic effect of celandine alkaloids also benefits the respiratory system, helping to relieve cough and spastic bronchitis (infusion: 10g of fresh plant per liter of boiling water, let it stand for 10 minutes and strain. Take between 1 and 2 cups a day, away from meals).

  • Sedative: It can be used in specific nerve disorders such as spasms of the glottis (bolus hysterical), or psychosomatic stress digestive symptoms (nausea, vomiting) (infusion of 10g of fresh plant per liter of boiling water, let stand 10 minutes and strain. Take 1-2 cups a day, away from meals).

  • Purgatory: the plant is very irritating for the digestive tract and produces a strong laxative or purgative effect. In fact, it was formerly used as a remedy for intestinal parasites and viral gastroenteritis (infusion of 10g of fresh plant per liter of boiling water, let it stand for 10 minutes and strain. Take 1 to 2 cups a day, away from meals).

  • Anticancer: Currently, the toxic activity of this plant anticancer components is trying to be separated. Chelidonine, present in the plant alkaloid, with antitumor effect, is able to inhibit the growth of cancerous tumors, reason why it has been reputed as anticancer plant. This property derives from its antimitotic property (which prevents reproduction mitosis or cell). Celandine could stop the development of cells, for example, in external applications for warts. Hypothetically, this property works by slowing the growth of the tumor.

Research in the use of celandine in the field of oncology is been carried. There is a cancer drug, called Ukrain, that contains chelidonine, a thiophosphoric alkaloid derived from greater celandine. This has shown therapeutic effects in cancer patients by modulating the immune system. Also celandine extract is also included in other supplements as adjuvants for cancer, such as Cancer Efecplant 11.

  • Infectious diseases: Celandine extract has been used to treat viral diseases. Celandine alkaloids have shown effectiveness in fighting some viruses, such as influenza, herpes and mumps. Recent research focuses on the use of the drug Ukrain (celandine extract) as an adjunctive treatment of AIDS. Initial investigations suggest that the extract of celandine alkaloids could increase immuno-hematological status of the patient, however, this is still under study.

Dosage of Celandine

Caution: choose fresh and clean plants, which have not been contaminated by animals or chemicals (pesticides, herbicides, etc..). The whole plant is collected during flowering. We do not recommend the use of its roots.

The dried plant loses its properties at 6 months, so this plant remedies are prepared from the fresh plant.

Externally:

  • Latex for warts: Apply the juice of the plant on the wart, 12 times a day for nine days. Some authors point to three daily applications.

  • Warts creams : Decoction of crushed leaves in glycerin (1 cup water, 1 cup of crushed leaves, and 1 or 2 cups of glycerin). Apply up to 2 times a day for 9 days.

  • Corns and calluses cream: crush the 510g. celandine flower until a yellowish paste. Apply corns or calluses. Is recommended after a hot footbath (foot bath with hot water).

  • Ocular compresses: 20g decoction. of 1ml of fresh plant in water. Let stand for 10 minutes and filter. Chill. Soak a clean gauze or cotton on water, and apply to the eyes as a compress. To treat conjunctivitis and ocular affectations. Up to 3 times a day for 9 days.

  • Footbath celandine: foot bath prepared with celandine. It is used to dilate the veins of the feet and promote blood flow, helping to cause the period. Apply a foot bath with 20g of fresh plant.

Internally:
  • Gargling: 20g decoction. of fresh plant per liter of water, let stand for 10 minutes and strain. Do not take internally. As local analgesic, sedative and antiseptic.

  • Fluid extract: 1015 drops of celandine extract up to 2 times a day, away from meals.

  • Infusion: 515g. of fresh plant per liter of boiling water, let stand for 10 minutes and strain. Take 13 cups a day, away from meals. As an analgesic, sedative and antispasmodic. For rheumatism, gout, diuretic, liver affectations, jaundice, intestinal spasms, and coughing.

  • Sedative wine for patients: macerate 15g. of fresh plant in a litter of water or white wine for 10 days. Filter plant residues. Take 1 to 2 little cups cups per day. It is a narcotic to help relieve pain or to sleep better

  • Powder of dried plant: 2 3 g per day for 9 days.

  • Dry extract capsules: 200 500mg. daily for 15 days.

  • Tincture: 24g. daily for 9 days.

Formerly, celandine root was cut and placed on the forehead of the patient. It was believed that if he/she was going to die, it made the patient cry. But if he/she was going to heal, it made him/her sing. However, because of its high content in alkaloid narcotics and sedatives, one should not use the root of celandine.

Swallow herb or swallowwort

Dioscorides mentioned celandine as a remedy for the eyes when applied topically. He relates that swallows squeeze the juice of the plant in the eyes of their young to destroy the membrane that prevents ocular vision in their first moments of life.

Taking this as a reference, greater celandine was once used by people to treat cataracts, although this use was fortunately abandoned a long time ago.

punto rojo More information on greater celandine in the listing above

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