Coriander characteristics

What is coriander?

Characteristics of cilantro plant

Common English noun: Coriander, cilantro, dhania, Chinese parsley

– Spanish: cilantro (leaves), coriandro (fruits)

Scientific noun: Coriandrum sativum L.

* See: Cilantro in other languages

Family. Carrot family – Umbelliferae

Habitat: Native from Asia and Africa, it can be found as a cultivated plant because of its fruits as a species or medicinal plant.

Characteristics of coriander plant:

Annual herb of the carrot family – Umbelliferae– up to 60 cm.

Erect, glabrous stems with a strong scent.

Compound leaves, bipinnate or tripinnate; the lower ones with longer stems and with narrower segments than superior ones.

Whitish flowers in umbels, with till 8 rays. Very scented fruits.


A detail of the plant with the flowers and the leaves

Cilantro components


  • linoleic, – antiarthritic, hepatoprotective, anticancerigenous, hypocholesterolemic.
  • oleic – anticancerigenous, hypocholesterolemic., antialopecic.
  • palmitic – hypocholesterolemic, antioxidant, antialopecic
  • stearic – hypocholesterolemic (Fruits)
  • petroselinic
  • ascorbic – antibacterial, antiulceric, antiatherosclerotic, antihypertensive, antiinflammatory, antioxidant, antiscorbutic, hypocholesterolemic, anticold, antitumoral, vulnerary.(Leaves)

Essential oil, rich in:

  • Cineole: antibacterial, anti- rheumatic, antiseptic, antiulceric, choleretic
  • Borneol: antibacterial, antiinflammatory, antispasmodic, hepatoprotective.
  • Camphene: antioxidant, expectorant
  • Citronelol: antiseptic
  • Coriandrol: anticonvulsant
  • Geraniol: anticancerigenous, expectorant, antiseptic, antimelanomic, antispasmodic..
  • Limonene: antibacterial, anticancerigenous, antiespasmodic, expectorant.
  • Linalool: anticancerigenous, antiespasmodic, antihistaminic, hypnotic.
  • Alpha-pinene: antibacterial, antiinflammatory, expectorant, anticancerigenous.
  • Beta-pinene: antiinflammatory, antispasmodic
  • Beta-phelandrene: fungicide

Minerals: Calcium (leaves and seeds) potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium (leaves and fruits) manganese (fruits)

punto rojo More information on cilantro

This article was endorsed by Elisenda Carballido - Dietitian nutritionist. Postgraduate in Phytotherapy and master in Nutrition and Metabolism.
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

21 November, 2023

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