Kumquat characteristics

Characteristics of kumquat

Common English name: kumquat or cumquat

ilustrationPlant illustration

Scientific name: Fortunella spp. Some botanists do not consider this genre and include the species within the genus Citrus.

*See: Kumquat in other languages

Family: Rutaceae – citrus family

Origin: North of China

Habitat. Where to find kumquats?

Subtropical shrub native of China, Japan and the Philippines. It is now cultivated worldwide and it is used for ornamental purposes.

Description of kumquat

KumquatsPhoto of kumquats fruits in a market

Small evergreen shrub, that can reach 2 – 4m. tall.

The trunk is very branched and may have thorns.

Dense foliage dark green. Leaves simple, alternate, entire and glabrous.

Flowers solitary or in corymbs, hermaphrodite, with white petals and very fragrant.

The fruits are small fleshy berries (1-2cm. Diameter). They resemble tiny oranges. The skin is covered by oil glands containing a lot of essential oil. The fruit is divided into cells (segments). The flesh is yellowish orange, very acidic and aromatic. The kumquat is eaten whole, including the skin.

Classes and varieties of kumquats

There are different species of kumquats (Fortunella spp.): “Nagami” (elongated fruit) (F. margarita); “Marumi” (rounded off) (F. japonica); “Meiwa” (large and elongated fruits) (F. crassifolia); “Hong Kong wild” (F. Hinds).

There are also “limequats” a kind o kumquat resulting from hybridization with a species of kumquat and a lime (Citrus aurantiifolia).

Kumquat composition

  • Carbohydrates, protein, fiber
  • Essential oil (leaves and fruits): Limonene (60 90%), myrcene (2%), ethyl acetate (1%), alphapinene, germacrene, linalool, carvone, betapinene, carene, camphene, terpinen 4ol.
  • Vitamins: Vitamin C, Vitamin A ( betacarotene)
  • Organic acids: chlorgenic acid, ferulic, sinapic,?coumaric acid and caffeic acid.
  • Minerals: Calcium, potassium
  • Flavonoids: diosmin, quercetin, rutin, xanthophylls (betacryptoxanthin), chalcones, apigenin, acacetin, vitexin, isovitexin, gammaeudesmol, elemol and betaeudesmol

punto rojo More information on kumquat

This article was endorsed by Julián Masats - Technical agricultural engineer specialized in horticulture and gardening.
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

5 October, 2022

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