Jackfruit tree characteristics and components

Artocarpus heterophyllus

Characteristics of jackfruit tree

Common English names: Jackfruit, Jak, Jack jackfruit,

Common name in other languages:

– Spanish: in Spanish, apart for jackfruit, it can be called poor man’s fruit, good bread, rhyme, jak tree.

– Malaysia and the Philippines: Nangka

– Thailand: Khanun

– Cambodya: Khnor

– Laos: Mak My

– Vietnam: Mit

Botanical name: Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.

Family: Moraceae

Habitat and distribution : Where to find jackfruit trees?

Native to the forests of southwest India, from where it spread throughout Southeast Asia and Asia. It is a fast growing tree that produces large fruits.

Photography of jackfruit tree on a highway in Southeast Asia.

Jackfruit tree on a highway in Southeast Asia.

It is now cultivated in tropical and subtropical countries from Asia (India, Burma, Sri Lanka, southern China, Malaysia), Africa and South America (Brazil, Puerto Rico) to United States (Florida and California).

It can grow in tropical areas but it also endures the cold southern regions like Australia.

In Southeast Asian countries is is planted in avenues, cities, yards and parks as well as a tree to provide shade. It is a food source.

Jackfruit tree description

Evergreen tree related with breadfruit and fig. Jackfruit tree usually measures over 20 m. in tropical places. Noted for its dense and broad crown, with large leaves of 20 or more cm. long. These leaves are dark green, glabrous, glossy, oblong, deeply lobed or leathery.

Monoecious plant with male and female flowers in grups, growing from the same trunk or branches.

What is jackfruit fruit like?

The fruit is also known as jackfruit. Jackfuit fruits are huge, up to 90cm long, hanging from the branches and the trunk. (It is one of the world ‘s largest fruit).

The skin of this fruit is rough, green- yellow and presents sharp protrusions.

Jackfruit tree with two fruits

Jackfruit tree with two fruits

The flesh is yellow or orange.

When ripe, it provides an unpleasant smell. The fruit has an open odor between a banana and a pineapple.

It is considered a multiple fruit infrutescense, with numerous seeds inside (there can be up to 400 seeds in a single fruit).

Components of jackfruit

punto rojo More information on jackfruit.

This article was endorsed by Elisenda Carballido - Dietitian nutritionist. Postgraduate in Phytotherapy and master in Nutrition and Metabolism.
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

22 April, 2019

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