Foods harmful to bones

This article was endorsed by Elisenda Carballido - Dietitian nutritionist. Postgraduate in Phytotherapy and master in Nutrition and Metabolism.

Non recommended food for the bones

A diet rich in calcium is not enough to have strong bones

A diet rich in calcium is not enough to get strong bones, but also its contribution should be framed within a balanced diet, with plenty of vegetables, legumes, fresh fruits, nuts and seeds.

It is not recommended that all the calcium in the diet comes only from dairy products or vegetable drinks fortified with calcium.

Almonds

Almonds are good for bones because of their richness in proteins, fiber, magnesium, calcium, folic acid, vitamin E, …

Good food for bones:

The ideal is to include in the diet plant foods very rich in calcium, such as:

Protectors and bone formers

In addition to the foods mentioned above, aspects of the diet necessary for calcium to be assimilated correctly must be taken into account. The factors that influence the formation and elimination of calcium in the body are:

Factors that increase the

fixation of calcium in the bone

Factors that increase the

calcium elimination

  • Vitamin D (sunbathing, blue fish)

  • Physical exercise

  • Diet rich in calcium, magnesium, vitamin K, antioxidants and trace elements such as boron, …

  • Estrogens (deficit in menopause)

  • Excess of animal protein

  • A lot of salt

  • Phosphates (drinks with gas, additives)

  • Excess of refined sugar

Foods that increase calcium elimination

  • The abuse of consumption of cola with gas and soft drinks is harmful. The gas present in carbonated beverages is converted in the body into carbonic acid, an acidic substance that mobilizes calcium from the bones, causing bone decalcification. These drinks should be moderated or others consumed without gas.
  • Excess of salt in the diet: a diet rich in salt increases the renal elimination of calcium. The foods with excess of salt are the parmesan very cured cheeses, conserved in salt, salted, sausages, etc. If consumed, it should be in occasional and in moderation.

  • Bran of cereals: Wheat bran or fiber cereals (made with bran) contain much phytic acid, which sequesters calcium and prevents its assimilation (phytates).

  • Excess of refined sugar in the diet: Taking too much sugar increases cortisol levels and bone deterioration. A lot of sugar decreases bone density.

  • Antacids: An acidic medium is necessary for the assimilation of calcium. People who regularly take antacid medications absorb less calcium.

  • Avoid tobacco and coffee: these two substances lower the calcium in the body.

Do not abuse vegetables rich in oxalates

Spinach in a bowl

Spinach in a bowl

Oxalates capture and prevent the absorption of calcium. Vegetables rich in oxalates, such as spinach, Swiss chard and beet, should be boiled before drinking.

These components are soluble in water and, when boiled, oxalates stay in the broth. In this way we take less oxalates.

It is also not recommended to take pure cocoa daily, which due to its high content of oxalates, decreases the absorption of calcium.

Factors that worsen the fixation of calcium in bones

alimentos malos enemigos de los huesos para la osteoporosis, calcio, proteínas, refrescos, factors that increase the elimination of calcium

Summary of the factors that increase the elimination of calcium (excess sugar, too much animal protein in the diet, excess salt, carbonated drinks), not sunbathing and sedentary lifestyle.

  • Sedentary life: It is one of the main factors to take into account when you should increase the health of bones. Exercise has numerous benefits due to the formation of muscle (closely related to bone health), and reduces the risk of osteoporosis.

  • Chronic stress: stress increases the levels of corticosteroids or stress hormones in the body, which leads to further bone deterioration.

  • Solar exposure: the body is able to make vitamin D from cholesterol, by the action of solar rays. (more information). Not sunbathing favors bone deterioration

  • Smoking: It affects the health of the bones from several aspects, among which: it diminishes the absorption of calcium and when forming the formation of free radicals in the organism, it increases the deterioration of tissues (including bones).

    Smokers should take many antioxidant foods, such as vegetables, pumpkin or carrot cream, raw carrots, salads and fruits (studies have shown that smokers are recommended to eat more antioxidant foods than to take antioxidant supplements).

foods rich in calcium

Foods rich in calcium

punto rojoMore information on osteoporosis.

Editorial
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

22 April, 2019

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