- 1 What are the oils and fats of plant origin?
- 1.1 What are vegetable oils?
- 1.2 What are vegetable oils like?
- 1.3 Which foods are rich in vegetable oils?
- 1.4 What are vegetable fats?
- 1.5 What are vegetable fats like?
- 1.6 Characteristics and differences between vegetable oils and vegetable fats
- 1.7 Which foods are rich in vegetable fats?
- 1.8 What type of fat or oil is margarine?
What are the oils and fats of plant origin?
What are vegetable oils?
Vegetable oils are the fat extraction that is obtained from the pressing of fruits with a high content of unsaturated fats, such as the fruit of the olive tree, that is, the olive (where olive oil is obtained), sunflower seed (oil of sunflower), moringa seeds (moringa oil) or walnuts (walnut oil).
What are vegetable oils like?
Vegetable oils have the characteristic that they are liquid at room temperature. This is because the type of fats they contain have an unsaturated structure, therefore they are rich in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Among these types of fats are a type of fats called omega 3 and omega 6 essential fatty acids.
These types of fats are healthy, provided they come from quality oils and healthy foods.
Which foods are rich in vegetable oils?
What are vegetable fats?
Vegetable fats are also a fat extraction, in this case of fruits with high saturated fat content. In the vegetable kingdom there are few edible fruits with these characteristics, and mainly coconut oil and palm oil.
What are vegetable fats like?
Vegetable fats have the characteristic that they are solid at room temperature. This is because the type of fats they contain have a saturated structure. These types of fats, in excess, are considered harmful to health, although they are also found, in small quantities, being part of healthy foods.
It should be mentioned that neither fats nor oils of vegetable origin contain cholesterol, since this substance is exclusive to the animal kingdom and will never be found in products derived from plants.
Characteristics and differences between vegetable oils and vegetable fats
The following image shows the main characteristics and differences between vegetable oils and vegetable fats.
Which foods are rich in vegetable fats?
They are foods rich in vegetable fats:
- Coconut oil
- Palm oil
- Shea butter
- Especially a series of industrial products that contain them: pastries, chocolates, cookies, snacks, breakfast cereals, and more junk food.
The presence of these fats in ultraprocessed products is due to the fact that their solid consistency makes it possible to prepare more resistant preparations with similar characteristics to butter, with a cheaper cost.
What type of fat or oil is margarine?
Sometimes vegetable oils can occur in solid form, as with margarines. In this case, they are not saturated fats, but oils subjected to hydrogenation, which result in trans fats. These type of fats are unsaturated but solid at room temperature.
Other times emulsifying additives are added to obtain a product equal to butter but of vegetable origin.
More information on vegetable oils
25 November, 2021