Good and bad food for chronic kidney disease

Recommended and prohibited foods for kidney failure


Recommended foods for kidney failure

Chronic renal failure (CRF) has very strict dietary recommendations, especially when the disease is in its most advanced stages. Proteins and many minerals, such as phosphorus, potassium, sodium, must be controlled. The result is a rather monotonous and tasteless diet.

In the face of so many food deprivations, it is common for patients with CFR to eat poorly or inadequately. This fact leads to malnutrition and aggravation of renal function, with consequences on the patient's health, both in the physical (progressive loss of muscle mass) and in the psychosocial environment.

IRC food lists

This guide aims to facilitate the feeding of these patients and their families, to help their optimal nutritional status, which allows them to preserve the health of their kidneys. The following lists of recommended, non-recommended, and forbidden foods are listed below.

At the bottom of the page you can download it in PDF format for printing.


Food Groups
Important: respect the amounts indicated in the diet
White rice
White bread and biscotti
Rice pancakes (without salt)
Wheat flour
Homemade biscuit, without gasifier
Integral rice
Mold bread and whole wheat bread
Oats, buckwheat, millet, quinoa, etc. (whole grains)
Breakfast cereals
Fresh peas
Frozen peas
* All with previous soaking, 36h. Boil without salt or baking soda
Chickpea flour
Beans, white beans, pints, soy, tofu, "tempeh"
Always peeled, chopped, long (12 hours) and boiled.
Salads: longer soaking
Peppers, eggplant, leek, tomato, turnip
Lettuce, cucumber, cauliflower
Pumpkin, zucchini
Potatoes, carrot
Home-made purees without salt, with previously treated
Spinach, Swiss chard, beet
Canned food, pickles...
Vegetables soup
Gazpacho, salmorejo, vegetable creams and purees (lots of potassium)
Algae (very potassium)
Always peeled, chopped and long soaked (12 hours)
Fruits in general
Baked apple or pear (always skinless fruits and vegetables)
Light jam
Dried fruits
Natural or industrial juices
Those that can not be peeled: blueberries, raspberries, figs,...
Banana (very rich in potassium)
Seeds and oils
Extra virgin olive oil, which can be macerated with aromatic herbs
Any dried fruit or seed (pipes, nuts, almonds,...)
Food Groups
Important: respect the amounts indicated in the diet
Egg Egg white
Whole egg
Flans, custards, and desserts with yolks
And fish
White fish: hake, dorado, rooster, sole, trout
Blue fish (best boiled): salmon, mackerel, bonito, fresh anchovy
Chicken, turkey, and meatballs or home burgers, with these minced meat at home (no store additives, no salt)
Clam, crab
Pork loin, rabbit
FCold meats, ham, sausages of any meat, Frankfurt, hamburgers (processed meat)
Canned fish or shellfish
"Crab sticks" or "surimi"
Mussel, sardines
Viscera (liver, pate and offal)
Broth pills
Dairy Soy drink *
Semi-skimmed milk
Burgos cheese (without salt)
Spread cheese light *
* See on the label that the word "phosphates" does not appear..
Yogurt of any kind
Whole and skimmed milk
Cream, curd
Goat and sheep dairy products (cheese, milk, yogurt)
Cheese brie, cheddar, cured, mozzarella, parmesan
Spread cheese
Dressings and condiments Olive oil is the best dressing that can be used.
Herbs (they have an enormous amount of potassium)
Sauces, industrial
IMPORTANT: All ultraprocessed foods are strongly discouraged:
Refreshments with gas / additives / alcohol: coke, fanta, bitter and soft drinks in general, beer, wine, distillates. Water with gas (lots of salt).
Industrial bakery, cookies, snacks (additives)
Sausages and other processed meats, pizzas and precooked food of any kind

*More information:

- Chronic kidney disease menu

- Proteins in chronic kidney disease

- How much can you drink in chronic kidney failure?

- How to eliminate dietary phosphorus for kidney failure

- How to remove potassium from food

- Supplements for chronic kidney failure

More information on kidney disease diet guide an other kidney diseases in the listing above.

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This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.
"Botanical" is not responsible for damages caused by self-medication.