Properties of celery

This article was endorsed by Elisenda Carballido - Dietitian nutritionist. Postgraduate in Phytotherapy and master in Nutrition and Metabolism.

Medicinal and edible properties of celery


Characteristics of celery

Celery (Apium graveolens) is a plant of the Umbelliferae family, which includes well-known plants such as parsley and fennel.

Originated in Europe and Far East, it appears as a wild plant in many humid and swampy spots. As vegetables, celery is cultivated in many parts of the world. We can find information and references about its use as a medicinal plant in China and the Greek and Roman culture.

The plant resembles wild parsley. Like this plants, celery leaves are compound, deeply divided and very aromatic. The flowers appear in umbels and are greenish-white. The seeds are characterized by having 5 “little ribs” that run through them.

Cultivated celery leaves are much wider and less divided leaflets. (More information about celery cultivation)


Celery for low fat diets

For its percentage in water – reaching almost 95% – celery is presented as one of the lighter plants, especially suitable for those who want to lose weight.

100 g of this plant only have 16 calories, so we can say that this is one of the less caloric plants and it is suitable for people who have problems with obesity.

But the power of celery to remove “excessive water” of the body is determined not only by its low caloric level, but also for its diuretic properties.

Properties celery

Main curative properties of celery

Celery helps fight urinary problems

Moreover, the essential oil has antibacterial properties, so while it increases urination, it will also help to combat kidney infections caused by viruses or bacteria.

In addition to removing uric acid, eating this plant will be helpful for overweight people, but also for rheumatic patients, those who have gout, diabetes, those who have kidney stones, kidney failure, or those have a tendency to develop sand in the kidneys or other organs.

It may even be useful for patients with liver problems, since eliminating toxins prevents this organ from doing a big effort in order to purify the blood.

Celery promotes circulation and favours couple relation

It is very convenient for the circulatory system. Eating the young plant regularly will help to lower cholesterol, eliminate uric acid, combat hypertension and prevent cardiovascular diseases.

Celery has been considered a very suitable food for the proper maintenance of the couple, to be able to strengthen relations. The easiest way to get these properties is to eat raw celery in salads.

Celery plant

Main curative properties of celery

Celery must be a usual ingredient in your salad

It is very rich in potassium, which balances its high amount of sodium. This richness in salts, together with the large amount of essential oils, give it a very particular taste that can be a bit strong for those who are not used to its consumption, providing an original flair when combined with other vegetables.

This particular taste, along with its stomach-care properties, tell us that it should be part of a salad eaten before abundant meals. A plate of fresh celery with some onion, red pepper and parsley will open the appetite, will favor digestion by increasing the performance of intestinal juices and will expel the remaining gases.

Moreover, we must not forget that celery is a good intestinal regulator which is able to increase bowel movements; this will help people who suffer from constipation and neutralize the excess bacteria that are in many cases responsible for fermentation and putrefaction in the bowel.

Without being one of the most generous vegetables in vitamins, it has a good dose of vitamin B1, vitamin B2 and vitamin B6, which gives it sedative properties and beneficial properties for the eye, hair and bones. Similarly, some components of the essential oil – sedanolide and others – seem to attribute celery the same properties. It content in vitamin C is relatively low.

Beware of celery oxalates !

Celery is a very healing food. However, since it is a food that contains many oxalates, avoid intake of this food in large quantities and the administration of herbal treatments in people who have severe kidney damage or those exhibiting inflammation in the bladder.

Similarly, it is not convenient with celery preparations during pregnancy because its content apiin that can produce abortions.

celery leaves

MDetail of the leaves of the cultivated plant

Celery for respiratory diseases

Celery leaves are used to treat conditions such as asthma because it contains apigenin, a flavonoid with vasodilator effects that help oxygenate the cells, which are also very suitable for the treatment of COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Stimulant properties of celery

Stimulant: Read more.


In addition to be a highly convenient food, celery has been used as a medicinal plant since ancient times. Among others, we could mention the following applications:

Internal use preparations with celery

  • Nervousness: It has a calming effect on nerves (Decoction of 30 g of dried root per liter of water. Take a couple of glasses a day.)
  • Gout: To lower uric acid and prevent gout we can prepare an infusion of 1.5 g of seeds per cup. We will take a couple of cups a day.
  • Cardiac arrhythmias: To regulate the heart rate, we can take daily 30 g of seed powder, divided into 3 doses.
  • Cholesterol: To lower cholesterol, we can take the fresh plant juice.
  • expectorant: Used to expel the mucus that accumulate in the chest following a bout of flu, bronchitis. (Decoction of 30 g of dried root per liter of water. Take a couple of glasses a day.)
  • Stomach: It whets the appetite (Half an hour decoction of 30 g of root per liter of water. Take a cup before each main meal of the day)
  • Sedative for the stomach: It cures the pain and prevents spasms (infusion of 40 g of root per liter of water. 2 cups per day)

Celery for external poultices

  • Vulnerary: With properties to heal wounds and scars and promote healing (Application in the form of rinsing over the wound or sore. Apply a poultice made with tender leaves on the affected area)
  • Chilblains: Another one of their external properties is its ability to cure chilblains (1 hour decoction of 250 g of the plant per liter of water. Perform foot baths with the liquid for 15 minutes 3 times a day)
  • Mouthwash: It’s very suitable to cure mouth sores and gum problems, such as gingivitis (Crush the dried plant and make a mouthwash)
  • Voice problems: problems of lack of voice (aphonia) can get better by gargling with the decoction of the tender plant.

Is celery a safe plant?

Celery may present some contraindications, toxicity and side effects that every body has to know before starting any treatment or eating it.

Composition of raw celery per 100 g
Water 94, 64 gr.
Energy 16 Kcal
Fats 0, 14 gr.
Proteins 0, 75 gr.
Carbohydrates 3, 65 gr.
Fiber 1, 7 gr.
Potassium 287 mg
Sodium 87 mg
Phosphorus 25 mg
Calcium 40 mg
Magnesium 11 mg
Iron 0, 40 mg
Zinc 0, 13 mg
Vitamin C 7 mg
Vitamin B1 0, 046 mg
Vitamin B2 0, 045 mg
Vitamin B6 0, 087 mg
Vitamin A 28 IU
Vitamin E 0, 360 mg
Folacin 61 mcg
Niacin 0, 323 mg

puno rojo More information on celery in the listing above

Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

22 April, 2019

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"Botanical" is not responsible for damages caused by self-medication.

Botanical-online is an informative page that describes, among other topics, the traditional uses of plants from a therapeutic point of view. Their descriptions do not replace professional advice. Botanical-online is not responsible for self-medication and recommends consulting with the physician.