Geranium essential oil properties

Characteristics and benefits of geranium essential oil

Geraniums belong to the family of the Geraniaceae that includes about 700 species of plants distributed mainly by temperate and subtropical countries.

They are herbs and shrubs that are used primarily in gardening.

Within the geraniums we would have both,  genus “Geranium” and genus “Pelargonium“.

How is geranium essential oil obtained?

Bloody crane’s-bill (Geranium sanguineum) in a forest

This essential oil is obtained by distilling the stems, leaves and flowers of these plants with water.

The most commonly used in the preparation of essential oils is the spotted geranium or wood geranium ( Geranium maculatum ), together with herb-Robert or fox geranium (Geranium robertianum).

The most appreciated is rose geranium or sweet scented geranium, (Pelargonium graveolens)

The main producing countries are Russia, Egypt, China and the Reunion Islands.

Characteristics of geranium essential oil

  • Balsamic
  • Aromatic: rich in geraniol, citronellol, sabinene and limonene that give it a sweet smell, rose-like, while its conten in menthone and isomenthone  gives it its mentholated flavor.
  • Its color is light olive green.

Medicinal properties of geranium oil

Cultivated ivy-leaved pelargoniums (Pelargonium peltatum)
  • Due to its antiseptic, infectious and fungicidal properties, it is very suitable for the treatment of skin abnormalities and for joint pain.
  • It has diuretic, astringent, circulatory, stimulant and antidepressant effects.
  • Mental, physical and emotional balance.

Main benefits of geranium essential oil

Other uses of geranium essential oil

  • It is used in the manufacture of cosmetic products, soap, insecticide products and detergents
  • It is widely used for the preparation of beverages and food.

Toxicity of geranium essential oil

In external use ,when diluted, is not toxic. In some sensitive people it can cause skin irritations.

punto rojo More information on essential oils

Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

16 January, 2023

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