Bad food for osteoporosis

This article was endorsed by Elisenda Carballido - Dietitian nutritionist. Postgraduate in Phytotherapy and master in Nutrition and Metabolism.

NON recommended food for osteoporosis

FOOD NOT SUITABLE FOR OSTEOPOROSIS

What foods are suitable for osteoporosis?

healthy diet

A healthy diet for osteoporosis is also healthy for the whole family

There are a number of healthy diet tips for osteoporosis, which should be adapted to each individual case. Do not wait to have bone diseases to start taking care of them!

In general, it is recommended to follow the following guidelines, adapting the recipes and advice to each particular case:

A healthy diet for osteoporosis is also healthy for the whole family

  • Alkaline diet (rich in minerals calcium, magnesium and manganese): to make a diet of alkalizing waste is recommended to consume plenty of vegetables, fruits, nuts and legumes.
  • Consume healthy soy products: regular consumption of soy may provide benefits for bones, but healthy soy products, such as tofu or tempeh, should be consumed. Those ultraprocessed soybeans that carry added sugar, fat or lots of salt are not recommended.

In addition, the benefits of consuming soy are not immediate, they are observed with the regular consumption of soy. This is because the intestinal flora has to adapt to the consumption of soy isoflavones.

  • Vitamin D or solar vitamin: It is also necessary to control the vitamin D that is needed to absorb calcium, this will be obtained from the sun or blue fish.
  • Physical exercise appropriate to the condition of the person.

It is always recommended to go to a doctor and a nutritionist duly qualified to improve the success of the treatment.

Advice and food to AVOID to improve bone health

In addition to taking the appropriate foods for osteoporosis, the following recommendations should be followed to improve the assimilation of the nutrients in the diet and the health of the organism. We must take care of the main points:

calcium thieves in the diet

Summary of the main calcium thieves in the diet

Control foods that prevent the absorption of calcium

There are certain components in foods, called antinutrients, that impede the absorption of calcium. For the diet to be nutritious, you must control these foods that prevent the absorption of calcium or help to expel calcium, such as:

Decalcifying diets and the calcium-phosphorus ratio

The accumulation of calcium in the bones depends on several factors. Among them, we find the so-called balance or calcium-phosphorus ratio. This balance is closely related to the alkaline diet and is based on the body’s pH balance.

You can summarize this theory in the following points:

  • Phosphorus is an acid mineral, and it is abundant in animal foods rich in proteins (meat, fish, sausages, cured cheese, etc.)
  • Calcium is alkaline and is found in legumes, nuts, vegetables, dried fruit, sesame, tubers, etc.
  • The human body needs a slightly alkaline pH, so we must provide a lot of calcium at the same time as phosphorus.
  • Eating a lot of meat or foods with a lot of animal protein (rich in phosphorus) produces acidification of the body.
  • To counteract the acidity of phosphorus, if the diet does not have enough calcium, the body releases calcium from its reserves into the blood (calcium from the bones), causing the decalcification of the bone.
  • In the long term it can produce a demineralization of the bones (loss of calcium from the bones), leaving the bones empty inside, weak, less dense and very fragile. (More information)

Calcifying foods and decalcifying foods diet

Summary of the theory of decalcifying foods.

Summary of the theory of decalcifying foods.

Below is a table with the main foods of the diet and its content of phosphorus and calcium. It should be understood that it is a simplification, because the food should be assessed as a whole and not only by some of its components.

What is recommended is that the diet has to be much richer in foods rich in calcium than in products of animal origin. For example, if an egg is consumed, it should be accompanied by foods with a lot of calcium, such as vegetables, fruits or seeds.

On the other hand, there are ultra-processed foods with a lot of added calcium that, in addition to this mineral, also contain a lot of salt, additives, a lot of sugar or bad fats. In this case, although the analysis would tell us that it is a calcifying food, they are not recommended.

Avoid diets that are very rich in animal protein

Diets that are very rich in proteins of animal origin cause the expulsion of calcium through urine or diets with very acidic foods.

All protein foods should be eaten, but in the right portions. Society generally makes an excess of this type of protein, to the detriment of plant proteins.

Vegetable proteins such as lentils or tofu contain a lot of calcium and magnesium, they are highly recommended and should be consumed more frequently.

Bad habits in osteoporosis

  • Alcohol produces decalcification of bones.
  • Tobacco: Smoking contributes to losing calcium.
  • Coffee, tea, or drinks with cola: Caffeine in these drinks makes the body lose calcium when it is expelled through the urine. It is not necessary to eliminate coffee or tea, but to keep it away from meals.
  • Carbonated beverages such as soft drinks with gas: Along with some processed meats, such as ham or pâté, they contain phosphates that cause calcium to be lost.

Photo of sautéed tofu with vegetables

Low salt diet

sautéed tofu with vegetables

Photo of sautéed tofu with vegetables

Salt, together with proteins, contributes to the loss of calcium by inhibiting the absorption of vitamin D. You should also avoid tinned canned foods because they have a lot of salt.

* Very interesting: Balance salt and potassium diet

Whole grains and osteoporosis

Whole grains are rich in phytates, which prevent the absorption of calcium. It is not convenient to take an excess of these foods. The highest doses are achieved with fiber supplements as in the following cases:

  • Wheat bran contains phytates that inhibit the absorption of calcium. In case of constipation, consult other laxative remedies or use similar flours such as oat bran, which contains minerals such as magnesium, zinc and boron in addition to fiber.
  • Oat bran
  • Branbased whole grains

Oxalates of vegetables

Oxalates form a compound with calcium and prevent its assimilation in the body. These include spinach or beet. Oxalate is soluble in water and it is possible to partially eliminate it by boiling these foods (it remains dissolved in the cooking water).

We can take foods that contain oxalates by taking these three precautions:

  • Do not consume foods rich in oxalates very frequently.
  • Boil these foods and dispose of the cooking water.
  • Combine with calciumrich foods the same food, cheese, yogurt for dessert, homemade yogurt sauce in the salad, etc.

punto rojo More information on osteoporosis.

Editorial
Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

20 February, 2020

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