- 1 Characteristics of thujone
- 1.1 What is thujone?
- 1.2 Characteristics and hazards of plants with thujone
- 1.3 Dangers of preparations with thujone
- 1.4 Myths about thujone
- 1.5 What properties does thujone have?
- 1.6 Medicinal plants and foods with thujone. In what plants does thujone appear?
- 1.7 Thujone content of medicinal and edible plants
Characteristics of thujone
What is thujone?
Its name comes from the botanical genus “Thuja“, specifically from the conifer called Northern white-cedar (Thuja occidentalis).
Characteristics and hazards of plants with thujone
The characteristic smell and taste of wormwood, as well as other plants such as Artemisia absinthium, is given by the thujone. This component is found in the essential oils of plants.
The thujone is considered a toxic substance for the liver and nervous system, and in case of overdose, its use can have bad consequences.
In spite of this, the plants are not toxic because they contain thujone, since most of them are usually consumed as aromatic herbs. The only precaution that most of them deserve is to consume them in moderation, that is, in the established doses, and without abuse.
Dangers of preparations with thujone
Due to its high content in thujone, the ingestion of extractions of the plants rich in thujone is not recommended, no matter how they are presented: essential oils, tinctures, absinthe, vermouth, etc.
Myths about thujone
It is said that Vincent van Gogh cut his ear under the effects of absinthe (distilled drink containing wormwood). Pierre Leprohon in his book «Vincent van Gogh» expresses how this drink contributed to increase his strange character.
What properties does thujone have?
The main properties of this component are the following:
Medicinal plants and foods with thujone. In what plants does thujone appear?
Traditionally it has been thought that thujone was a component that only appeared in wormwood (Artemisia ssp.). Nowadays it is known that it appears in many plants, especially of the Fabaceae or Leguminosae, Lamiaceae or Labiatae and Asteraceae or Compositae families.
Thujone content of medicinal and edible plants
Among the main plants of highest to least amount of tuyona we have the following:
- Wormwood, plant of absinthe (Artemisia absinthium)
- Common mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris)
- Sage (Salvia officinalis) (leaves and essential oil)
- Greek sage (Salvia fruticosa) (plant)
- Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus) (sprouts, essential oil)
- Apple mint, pineapple mint, woolly mint or round-leafed mint (Mentha rotundifolia) (leaves)
- Pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium) (plant and essential oil)
- Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) (plant)
- Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis)
- Caraway (Carum carvi) (seeds)
- Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) (root)
- Savin juniper (Juniperus sabina) (Plant)
- Sweet chamomile (Matricaria recutita) Plant
- Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) (resin, sap)
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