Natural antidepressant remedies from plants

(Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)

What are monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)?

They are products that inhibit the action of the enzyme monoamine oxidase (MAO).They are used as a kind of medicines for the treatment of depression.

There are two types of MAOIs:

– MAO- A: (Such as Brofaromine, Minaprine or Toloxatone) They act on melatonin, serotonin, dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine.

– MAO- B: (Such as Rasagiline or Lazabemide) They act on dopamine, phenylethylamine and trace amines

Some MAOIs can act in both groups. They are called nonselective MAO-A/MAO-B Inhibitors, for example: Pheniprazine, Isocarboxazid, Benmoxin or Furazolidone.

They are only used a a last resort when other treatments fail because they can interact with certain foods or with other medicines.

Dangers of monoamine oxidase inhibitors

They inhibit inhibit the catabolism of dietary amines. For example, they react with food containing tyramine, so they can produce hypertensive crisis. Tyramine is an amine that derives from the amino acid tyrosine. Foods containing tyramine are:

– Smoked, pickled, spoiled, fermented or processed meat. Liver, pork, except cured ham.

– Fermented food:cheese, yogurt, soy sauce, tofu, yeast, shrimp paste, etc.

– Alcoholic beverages

Brazil nuts, bananas, raspberries, pineapple, eggplants, figs, avocados, red plums, peanuts, coconuts

In combination with foods containing much tryptophan, they can produce serotonin syndrome. (See tryptophan foods)

They can interact with other medicines, herbal remedies, drugs or supplements. So, it is necessary for the patients to know which medicines should avoid.

They may have dependence producing effects, so they can not be discontinued abruptly.

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) in herbal remedies

Many herbal remedies contain MAOIs. The following list does not refer to all of them, so you should consult your doctor or specialist before undertaking any herbal medication, specially if you are taking any type of medication or you have a very rich anime diet.

Plant principle MAOIs type
Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria) Quercetin / Quercitrin / apigenin/ Kaempferol MAO-A inhibitors
Angelica (Angelica archangelica) Psoralen MAO-A Inhibitors
Ayahuasca (Banisteriopsis caapi) Harmala alkaloid MAO-A/MAO-B Inhibitors
Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi) Quercetin / Quercitrin / tannin/ MAO-A/MAO-B Inhibitors
Bai Zhi (Angelica dahurica) Psoralen MAO-A Inhibitors
Barberry (Berberis vulgaris) Berberine MAO-A Inhibitors
Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) Quercetin / Quercitrin / MAO-A/MAO-B Inhibitors
Cat’s claw (Uncaria tomentosa) Catechin /Epicatechin MAO-B inhibitors
Caraway (Carum carvi) Quercetin /Kaempferol/ Tannin/ Scopoletin / Myristicin
Carrot (Daucus carota) Psoralen MAO-A Inhibitors
Celery (Apium graveolens) Psoralen MAO-A Inhibitors
Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) Catechin /Epicatechin MAO-B inhibitors
Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) Psoralen MAO-A Inhibitors
Evening-Primrose (Oenothera biennis) Quercetin MAO-A inhibitors
Coffee (Coffea arabica) Harmala alkaloid MAO-A/MAO-B Inhibitors
Coptis chinensis Berberine /Coptisine MAO-A Inhibitors
Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) Psoralen MAO-A Inhibitors
Echinacea (Echinacea ssp.) Quercetin MAO-A/ MAO-B Inhibitor
Ginger (Zingiber officinale) Quercetin MAO-A/ MAO-B Inhibitor
Gingkgo (Ginkgo biloba) Quercetin / Quercitrin / apigenin/ isorhamnitin / Kaempferol MAO-A/MAO-B Inhibitors
Gentian (Gentiana lutea) Isogentisin / Tannin/ Mangiferin MAO-B inhibitors
Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis) Berberine MAO-A Inhibitors
Himalayan Mayapple Podophyllum hexandrum Quercetin MAO-A/ MAO-B inhibitors
Horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) Quercetin / Quercitrin /scopoletin/ tannin /Kaempferol MAO-A /MAO-B Inhibitors
Huang-Lia (Coptis japonica) Berberine MAO-A Inhibitors
Javan Turmeric (Curcuma xanthorrhiza) Curcumin MAO-A/MAO-B Inhibitors
Kiwi (Actinidia chinensis) Quercetin MAO-A/ MAO-B Inhibitors
Lovage (Levisticum officinale) Psoralen MAO-A Inhibitors
Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) Quercetin/ apigenin/ genistein/ Glycyrrhizin //Kaempferol MAO-A/MAO-B Inhibitors
Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis) Quercetin/ tannin/ scopoletin/Kaempferol MAO-A/MAO-B Inhibitors
Mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum) Quercetin MAO-A/ MAO-B inhibitors
Onion (Allium cepa) Quercetin MAO-A/ MAO-B inhibitors
Pansy (Viola tricolor) Quercetin MAO-A/ MAO-B inhibitors
Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa) Psoralen / Quercetin / myristicin/ Kaempferol / isoharmetin MAO-A/ MAO-B inhibitors
Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) Psoralen MAO-A Inhibitors
Passion flower (Passiflora spp.) Harmala alkaloid MAO-A/MAO-B Inhibitors
Prickly Poppy (Argemone mexicana) Berberine MAO-A Inhibitors
Red grapes (Vitis vinifera) Resveratrol MAO-A Inhibitors
Rue (Ruta graveolens) Psoralen/ quercetin/scopoletin MAO-A/MAO-B Inhibitors
Shoti (Curcuma zedoaria) Curcumin MAO-A/MAO-B Inhibitors
St John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum) Quercetin / Quercitrin /Hypericin/ Kaempferol/ Scopoletin/ Xhantones MAO-A/MAO-B Inhibitors
Stinktree (Ailanthus altissima) Quercetin MAO-A Inhibitors
Syrian rue (Peganum Harmala) Harmala alkaloid MAO-A/MAO-B Inhibitors
Strawberry (Fragaria vesca) Quercetin / Quercitrin// Kaempferol/tannin MAO-A/MAO-B Inhibitors
Tea (Tea sinensis) Catechin / Epicatechin MAO-B inhibitors
Tribulus terrestris Harmala alkaloid /Harmine/ Harmalol MAO-A/MAO-B Inhibitors
Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) Harmala alkaloid /Harmine/ Harmalol MAO-A/MAO-B Inhibitors
Turmeric (Curcuma longa) Curcumin MAO-A/MAO-B Inhibitors
Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) Quercetin MAO-A/ MAO-B inhibitors
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) Quercetin /Quercitrin/apigenin/ isorhaamnetin MAO-A /MAO-B Inhibitors

punto rojoMore information about natural medicine.

Written by Editorial Botanical-online team in charge of content writing

22 March, 2019

Other interesting articles

This material is for informational purposes only. In case of doubt, consult the doctor.
"Botanical" is not responsible for damages caused by self-medication.

Botanical-online is an informative page that describes, among other topics, the traditional uses of plants from a therapeutic point of view. Their descriptions do not replace professional advice. Botanical-online is not responsible for self-medication and recommends consulting with the physician.